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Cervical cancer treatment bangalore

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Cervical cancer


Cervical cancer is a type of cancer which begins in the cells of the uterine cervix (the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina). The cervix which is the entrance of the uterus is referred as the neck of the womb. It is the second most common type of cancer found in women worldwide.

Most of the cervical cancers begin in the transformation zone (the place where the endocervix and exocervix meet). Initially the cells of cervix will be normal, gradually it becomes pre-cancerous and later turns into abnormal and cancerous.

Cervical Cancer Treatment & Surgery Bangalore

Causes and Risk Factors

Most of the cervical cancers are caused by persistent infection of HPVs. Certain type of virus are also capable of transforming normal cells in the cervix to abnormal cells and some of these abnormal cells may then develop into cervical cancer.

The other risk factors that increase the chance of developing cervical cancer include:

  • Smoking
  • A weakened immune system
  • Giving birth at a very younger age
  • Long-term mental stress
  • Having many sexual partners
  • Several Pregnancies
  • Become sexually active early
  • Birth control pills
  • Other sexually transmitted diseases (STD)

Symptoms

In the early stages of cervical cancer, there will be no signs and symptoms. So, women should have regular screening through HPV or Pap tests. This helps to find out the precancerous cell changes early and prevent the development of cancer.

The most common symptoms of cervical cancer include:

  • Bleeding after sexual intercourse
  • Smelly vaginal discharge
  • Pelvic pain not related to menstrual cycle
  • Bleeding between periods
  • Discomfort during sexual intercourse
  • Vaginal discharge tinned with blood
  • Bleeding in post-menopausal women
  • Unusual vaginal discharge that is thick or watery
  • Pain during urination
  • Increased urinary frequency

Diagnosis

During the diagnosis of cervical cancer, the first step is Pap test, if any abnormality is found further test will be done.

The following are the other common tests which can diagnose cervical cancer:

  • Medical history and physical exam
  • Coploscopy : In this procedure the doctor will use a coploscope (an instrument that has magnifying lenses    that stays outside the body). This helps the doctor to see the cervix more closely and clearly.
  • Cervical Biopsies
  • Colposcopic Biopsy
  • Endocervical curettage: This means scrapping the endocervical canal by using a curette to remove some tissues, which will be sent for laboratory examination.
  • Cone biopsy: the doctor will remove a cone shaped piece of tissue from the cervix; this method is also used as a treatment to remove pre-cancers completely.

Treatment

For the treatment of cervical cancer which is diagnosed at an early stage, hysterectomy is done and sometimes it is possible to leave the womb in place.    

The other most common treatment options for cervical cancer include:

Dr. Shivakumar Uppala is one of the best oncologists in Bangalore. He is currently working as consultant oncologist in North Bangalore Hospital. Here you will get comprehensive treatment planning system to make cancer a thing of the past.

Authored By : Dr. Shiva Kumar Uppala

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