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Prostate Cancer Surgery Bangalore

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Prostate cancer


Prostate cancer is a type of cancer which occurs in the prostate gland in the male reproductive system. Prostate is a gland which is located below the bladder in front of the rectum, which plays a role in urine control in men and produces some fluid in semen.

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It is the most common type of cancer found in men. Most of the prostate cancer is initially confined to the prostate gland and grows slowly, which may spread from prostate to other area of the body like lymph nodes and bones.

Symptoms of Prostrate Cancer

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Prostate cancer usually has no symptoms during its early stage, in its advanced stage the following signs and symptoms starts appearing:

  • Painful or burning urination
  • Back pain
  • Blood in urine or semen
  • A need to urinate frequently
  • Difficulty in starting or holding back urine
  • Painful ejaculation
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Decreased force in the stream of urine
  • Discomfort in the pelvic area

Causes and Risk Factors

The exact cause of prostate cancer is unknown, it can be caused by DNA mutations. This change in DNA can either be can be acquired during a person’s lifetime or can be inherited from parents.

The following risk factors may also affect a man’s risk of getting prostate cancer:

  • Age
  • Family History
  • Gene changes
  • Diet
  • Obesity
  • Smoking
  • Chemical Exposures
  • Inflammation of the prostate
  • Sexually transmitted infections
  • Diagnosis

If you are suspected to be having prostate cancer, the following tests will be needed to confirm the diagnosis:

  • Digital Rectal Exam (DRE)
  • Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test
  • Ultrasound
  • MRI scan
  • PET Scan
  • CT Scan
  • Prostate Biopsy
  • Transrectal Ultrasound (TRUS)

Treatment

Sometimes no treatment will be necessary for many men with prostate, so the treatment for prostate cancer depends on the grade, type and size of the cancer. If the cancer has spread to other parts of the body, the aim is to control the disease and delay the symptom.

The following are the most common treatment options for prostate cancer:

  • Radical (open) Prostatectomy: It is the surgical removal of entire prostate and seminal vesicles.
  • Radiotherapy: It helps to relieve pain and other symptoms. It can be used as a definite treatment option for cure.
  • Brachytherapy: This involves implanting tiny radioactive seeds into the prostate gland to destroy cancer cells.
  • Hormone therapy: which works either by stopping body from making testosterone or by preventing it reaching the prostate cancer cells.
  • Cryotherapy: It is a type of focal therapy, which uses extreme cold to freeze and destroy the cancer cells
  • Immunotherapy: This therapy is designed to boost the body’s immune system to fight against the cancer by using materials made either by the body or in the laboratory
  • Radiopharmaceuticals: It is used to treat men with prostate cancer that has spread to the bone.

Dr. Shiva Kumar is one of the top cancer specialist in Bangalore, who works as consultant oncologist in North Bangalore Hospital, Bangalore. His exceptional knowledge in oncology ensures his patients to have a high cure rates and less side effects.

Authored By : Dr. Shiva Kumar Uppala

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