Prostate cancer is a type of cancer which occurs in the prostate gland in the male reproductive system. Prostate is a gland which is located below the bladder in front of the rectum, which plays a role in urine control in men and produces some fluid in semen.
It is the most common type of cancer found in men. Most of the prostate cancer is initially confined to the prostate gland and grows slowly, which may spread from prostate to other area of the body like lymph nodes and bones.
Prostate cancer usually has no symptoms during its early stage, in its advanced stage the following signs and symptoms starts appearing:
The exact cause of prostate cancer is unknown, it can be caused by DNA mutations. This change in DNA can either be can be acquired during a person’s lifetime or can be inherited from parents.
The following risk factors may also affect a man’s risk of getting prostate cancer:
If you are suspected to be having prostate cancer, the following tests will be needed to confirm the diagnosis:
Sometimes no treatment will be necessary for many men with prostate, so the treatment for prostate cancer depends on the grade, type and size of the cancer. If the cancer has spread to other parts of the body, the aim is to control the disease and delay the symptom.
The following are the most common treatment options for prostate cancer:
Dr. Shiva Kumar is one of the top cancer specialist in Bangalore, who works as consultant oncologist in North Bangalore Hospital, Bangalore. His exceptional knowledge in oncology ensures his patients to have a high cure rates and less side effects.