Breast Cancer in Men
Even though men have rudimentary breast they have some breast tissue which is similar to the breasts of a girl before puberty. So men can get same type of breast cancer that women do.
Causes and Risk Factors of male breast cancer
The exact cause of breast cancer in men is unknown.
However the following factors play an important role in developing breast cancer in men:
- Taking estrogen
- Disease of testicles, undescended testicle or a testicular injury
- Exposure of chest to radiations
- Gynecomastia: it is the enlargement of breasts in men, which may be because of some hormones or drugs, or because of some type of infections.
- Cirrhosis: which is a severe liver disease
- Klinefelter’s syndrome: A rare type of syndrome which causes baby boys to born with higher levels of estrogen than normal, which is a major risk that develops breast cancer in men
Symptoms of breast cancer in men
Most of symptoms of breast cancer in men are similar to that of those in women. Some of them are the following:
- Redness or scaling of the breast skin or nipple
- Skin dimpling or puckering
- Nipple turning inward (retraction)
- A swelling or lump which is painless (but not always)
- Discharge from the nipple
- Swelling in the axilla
Diagnosis and Treatment of breast cancer in men
Breast cancer in men is often diagnosed later than that in women. The small amount of breast tissue makes it harder to find the cancer early. The techniques for the diagnosis of breast cancer in men are same as that of women, they are:
- FNAC: A sample of tissue is taken using small needle for examination under microscope.
- Biopsies : Examining a small sample of breast tissue under microscope
Likewise, the treatment methods are also the same. Some of them are:
- Surgery: To remove the part of the breast containing cancer, as well as some surrounding normal tissues including underlying muscles.
- Radiation therapy: To destroy remaining cancerous cells that remains in the breast or armpit area after the surgery.
- Chemotherapy: This makes use of drugs to target and destroy the cancerous cells in the breast. These drugs will be given directly into a vein through a needle.
- Biological Therapy: This stimulates the body’s immune system to fight against the cancerous cells.
- Hormone Therapy: The medicines used in this therapy treat cancerous breast cells which are hormone-receptor-positive by blocking the action of estrogen in the breast cancer cells and also lowers the amount of estrogen in the body.
During hormone therapy men with breast cancer respond much better than that with women do. About 90 percentage of men with breast cancer can be treated with hormone therapy as the male breast cancers have hormone receptors.
Dr Shiva Kumar is one of the leading oncologist in India who works in North Bangalore Hospital, based in Bangalore. He provides the best treatment for breast cancer in men with most advanced technologies in our country.
Authored By : Dr. Shiva Kumar Uppala