Testicular cancer occurs in the testicles (a loose bag of skin located inside the penis) which produces male sex hormones and sperm. Compared to other types of cancer in men testicular cancer is rare, but it is more common in young men. There are two main types of testicular cancer,
Seminomas: This type of cancer mostly develops in older men, but it is not as aggressive as nonseminoma.
Non-seminomas: This type of cancer grows and spread rapidly tend to develop earlier in life. There are different types of non-seminomas tumors, including yolk sac tumor, Embryonal carcinoma, Choriocarcinoma.
The doctors are not sure about the specific cause of testicular cancer, it occurs when the testicular cells become abnormal in one or both the testes.
There are some risk factors which may raise a man’s risk of developing testicular cancer. These include:
The signs and symptoms of testicular cancer do not normally appear until a later stage. The most common symptoms of testicular cancer include:
Testicular cancer is most often detected by the patient themselves, either discovering a lump or swelling in the testicle. To find out whether the lump is cancerous or not, the doctor may recommend the following tests:
There are many different types of treatment options available for patients with testicular cancer, some are standard (treatments that are currently used) and some are being tested in clinical trials.
The following are the five different types of treatment options that are standard (currently used):
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