Germ cell tumors are a growth that arises from the reproductive cells; it may be cancerous or non-cancerous. Most of the germ cell tumors are cancerous, especially those which occurs at testis and ovary.
Some of them may occur in other parts of the body such as, abdomen, brain and chest. These types of germ cell tumors which occur in places other than reproductive cells are known as extragonadal germ cell tumors. The most common types of germ cell tumors include:
The cause of germ cell tumor is not completely understood. Experts say that germ cell tumor is caused when there is an abnormal migration of germ cells during the embryogenesis and it is also caused due to some inherited defects, which includes:
The symptoms may vary depending upon the size and location of the tumor. The following are the most common signs and symptoms of germ cell tumor.
During the diagnosis of germ cell tumor order the following tests, after a careful study of patient’s medical history and physical examination.
Germ cell tumors are highly curable even when diagnosed at a late stage, as this type of tumor tent to respond to the treatment. The most common treatment options for patients with germ cell cancers include (alone or in combination)
After the surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy will be done, if there is a chance of the cancer coming back.
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