Rectal cancer is a type of cancer that arises from the lining of the rectum (the last 6 inches of the large intestine). It is the third most common cancer found in both men and women. Most of the rectal cancer arises from the rectal polyps, which are benign growths on the rectal wall.
The exact cause of rectal cancer is unknown. It most commonly occurs in people after the age of 50. Some of the following risk factors also increase the risk of developing rectal cancer:
Rectal cancer may cause many signs and symptoms that require seeking medical care. But, it may sometimes occur without any symptoms. The following are the symptoms and signs of rectal cancer, we should be aware of:
If rectal cancer is suspected, the doctor may ask you to do the following tests and procedures:
For the complete cure of rectal cancer, colorectal surgery is almost always required. Because the risk of coming back is low after surgery. After the removal of tumor, the doctor may suggest adjuvant therapy to decrease the risk of cancer recurring. Patients also require radiotherapy as a part of the treatment before surgery or after surgery. Rectal cancer surgery can be done even if it has spread to others like liver as a part.
Dr Shiva Kumar, who is working as a consultant oncology surgeon in North Bangalore Hospital, is one of the leading oncologist in Bangalore. He holds his expertise in colorectal surgery, breast oncology, uro oncology and gi oncology. He provides the best and advanced treatment for rectal cancer and many more types of cancer with years of experience in treating complex cancer conditions.