Kidney cancer or renal cancer is a disease in which the cells in the kidney become cancerous and grow out of control, this results in the formation of tumor. Most of the kidney cancers originate in the renal tubules of the kidney. Cancer can metastasize from the other parts of the body to the kidney .
There will be no signs or symptoms in the early stage, as the tumour grows the patient may have one or more of the following symptoms:
Haematuria- Blood in urine
A lump or mass in the abdomen, near the kidney lumbar region
A continuous pain in the side, near the kidneys
Swelling in the ankles or legs
Weight loss that occurs for no known reasons
Fever that lasts for a week, which is not caused by cold or infection
Loss of appetite
Causes and Risk factors
Cancers originate when there is a change in the structure of DNA in the cells. These genetic mutations cause an uncontrollable growth of cells which results in a tumour. These tumours normally grow as a single mass, but sometimes more than one tumour may grow in one kidney or a tumour may grow in both the kidneys.
There are some risk factors also, that increases the risk of developing renal cancer. Some of them are:
Family History of Kidney Caner
Using certain medications for a long time
Being on long-term dialysis or having advanced kidney disease
Having certain genetic conditions like von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) and inherited papillary renal cell carcinoma
Being exposed to some chemicals like cadmium, asbestos, benzene
Dr. Shivakumar Uppala who has trained and practised extensively in surgical oncology provides the best treatment for kidney cancer in North Bangalore Hospital, where he works as an oncology consultant.